What do we mean by "The Rule of Law"? The Rule of Law Means: The Government and its officials are subordinate to the law • Citizens are actively engaged in making the laws that govern them by consent or direct involvement • These laws are fairly and equally applied to everyone to protect individual freedom • Citizens agree among themselves to obey the laws for the protection of all • An independent judiciary provides for equitable and impartial access to justice. What are the benefits of living under the Rule of Law? Law provides communal order, stability, and restraint • Law reflects the will of the people and guarantees their civil rights • Citizens consent to the laws and agree to obey them • Government and its officials are bound by the law and are answerable to the people for their actions • The laws are interpreted and applied fairly and equally to all people • The rule of law is the bedrock for democratic civil societies: Democracy cannot exist without the rule of law. Where did the Rule of Law come from? The principles of the rule of law trace their origins through the philosophies and writings of Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Thomas Aquinas, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, Jean Jacques Rousseau, John Stuart Mill, and others.
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